Bridges, skyscrapers, cars and trains, and home kitchen products all incorporate steel to some extent in their construction. Steel is produced either from raw materials or from scrap. Every industrialized country uses, produces, exports and imports steel in some combination. The more than 3,500 grades of steel in use today vary in physical composition; most of these developed within the past two decades. The year 2010 saw a 15% increase in world crude production over the previous year, setting a new global record.
The top 10 steel producing countries in the year 2010 are listed below beginning with the top producer. Each of these countries contribute to steel building production around the world and help many of the steel businesses and engineering firms produce metal building kits for barns, carports, garages, shops, storage sheds, and storage buildings Kits.
China produced 626.7 million metric tons of steel in 2010, making it the top global producer for that year. China's use of finished steel products totaled 576 metric tons in 2010. The 24 million metric tons exported, along with China's total imports of 22.4 million metric tons in 2009, demonstrate China's high domestic consumption. China was the number-one world steel importer in 2009.
Of the 109.6 million metric tons of steel that Japan produced in 2010, 63.8 million metric tons found their way into finished steel products. According to the World Steel Organization, Japan exported 33.3 million metric tons of steel in 2009. Japan is the world's second largest producer of steel globally as of 2010. While Japan was the world's top exporter in 2009, it did not rank among the top 20 importers in that year.
3. United States
Crude steel production reached 80.5 million metric tons in the United States in 2010. The country also used 80.1 million metric tons in finished steel products that year. In 2009, the US exported 9.2 million metric tons of steel. It imported 15.3 million metric tons of steel in 2009. In the year 2009, the US ranked 13th in total exports.
India ranked fourth in the world for crude steel production in the year 2010, producing 68.3 million metric tons. India's burgeoning population used 60.6 million metric tons of finished steel products in 2010. With an export of 5.6 million metric tons of total steel in 2009, India ranked 18th in the world.
Russia was fifth in the world for crude steel production in 2010, producing 66.9 million metric tons. It's consumption of steel in finished products was 35.7 million metric tons for the year. The country exported a total of 27.6 million metric tons of steel in 2009, placing it third for total steel exports in that year.
6. South Korea
South Korea produced 58.4 million metric tons of crude steel in 2010, the world's sixth greatest producer that year. South Korea used 52.4 million metric tons of steel in finished products in 2010. In the year 2009, South Korea exported 20.2 million metric tons of steel, making it the world's seventh in total steel exports.
In the year 2010, Germany produced 43.8 million metric tons of crude steel and consumed 36.3 million metric tons of finished steel products. It was the seventh greatest world producer of crude steel for 2010. Germany exported 20.8 million metric tons of steel in 2009, ranking sixth in the world for total steel exports for the year.
Ukraine comes in seventh for world crude steel production for the year 2010, with 33.4 million metric tons. The country used 5.5 million metric tons of finished products in that same year. In 2009, Ukraine exported 24 million metric tons of total steel, making it the fourth largest exporter in that year.
Brazil's expanding economy included the production of 32.9 million metric tons of steel in 2010, with 26.6 million metric tons of finished products being used domestically in the same year. In 2009, Brazil ranked 14th in total steel exports, with 8.6 million metric tons of total steel exported.
Turkey's crude steel production for the year 2010 was 29.1 million metric tons. In the same year, Turkey used 23.6 million metric tons of finished steel products. It's exports for 2009 were 17.4 million metric tons, making it eighth in the world for total steel exports for the year. Turkey ranked ninth in the world in total imports for 2009, with 10.2 million metric tons of total steel imported.
Author: Conrad Mackie